The Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago made up of 7,106 islands located in relation to many of Southeast Asia’s main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait. Proximate countries include Taiwan, Vietnam, and Indonesia. The geography is mountainous with narrow coastal lowlands. The government system is a republic. The chief of state and head of government is the president. The Philippines has a mixed economic system which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. Philippines is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The Philippines are the highest portions of a partly submerged mountain chain and is made up of 7 107 islands;
main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the largest influences on the Philippine culture. The Philippines is one of the most westernized nations in Southeast Asia, a unique blend of eastern and western culture.
The climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest, tropical savanna or tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical (in higher-altitude areas) characterized by relatively high temperature, oppressive humidity and plenty of rainfall.
There are four recognized climate types in the Philippines, and they are based on the distribution of rainfall (See the Philippine Climate Map). They are described as follows: Type I. Two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
4 Types Of Climate in the Philippines:Type 1- Dry season from December to May and wet season from June to Nobember. During the months of June toseptember rain periods is at maximum. Places that has this type of climate are exposed to southwest moonsoon.Type 2- No dry season occurs from December to January. Places that has this Type are exposed to North EastMoonsoon. Tropical Cyclone are frequent in this areas.Type 3- Seasons not very pronounced relatively dry. For 6 months , places experiencing this type of climate arelocated inland . Southwest moonsoon greatly affects this areas.Type 4- Rainfall is more or less evenly through out the year. North East Luzon, Southern part of Luzon, SouthernMindanao, and few areas in Visayas experience this type of climate.Metro Manila has a tropical savanna climate with dry winters. Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 22°C in January to 34°C in May. The sky is cloudiest in August and clearest in April.